missbrowbeauty online Microdermabrasion Course @ $675 | Miss Brow Beauty

Microdermabrasion Course @ $675

Microdermabrasion Course @ $675

$500.00 Non Refundable Deposit

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1 day class – 4 hours

Time – 430pm to 830pm

Cost of class – $675

Includes Microdermabrasion Machine



1 day class – 4 hours

Time - 430pm to 830pm

Cost of class - $675

Includes Microdermabrasion Machine

Machine Included with Course

Diamond Microdermabrasion Machine - It removes dirt from pores by using sterile diamond heads, effectively improves skin sagging, and allows your skin care products to penetrate deeper, giving you a better, longer-lasting effect.

  • Detachable & Replacement Diamond Head - Comes with 3 kinds of diamond wand and 9 different diamond tips. The diamond tips can be used in different needs and different parts of face or body. Depending on your skin's thickness, choose the appropriate diamond tip.
  • Multiple Effects - This procedure removes skin debris, imperfections, blemishes, wrinkles, and unwanted pigmentation of the skin. Moderate usage accompany with skin products helps to replenish natural nutrients, restore cell activity, and promote skin health.
  • Deep Cleansing and Absorption Promotion - Using the aid of the machine can make your skin cleaner and can also make your skin care products absorb more. That means that your serums, creams will have a far bigger impact. Because they can absorb deeper into the dermis layer of your skin now.

Our Microdermabrasion Course will teach you the popular alternative to the surgical facelift, to allow you to competently offer this service to your clients and helping them achieve resurfaced, rejuvenated skin. You will be taught the most popular diamond-tip microdermabrasion technique, as well as how to accurately perform a tactile test and full client consultation throughout the course of this hands-on, practical training day.

  • Health, Safety & Hygiene Consultation
  • Techniques Contraindication
  • Theory Related to Microdermabrasion Treatments for Clients
  • Procedure Steps Microdermabrasion Treatments
  • Before & Aftercare Advice

Skin-related treatments are currently in very high-demand, and they are an extremely profitable treatment to offer clients, with many returning for regular treatments every 4-6 weeks to maintain beautiful-looking skin. Microdermabrasion is a non-surgical method of skin rejuvenation by means of mechanical skin exfoliation and offers a modern, virtually painless alternative to chemical and laser peels. It is a versatile procedure that can be combined with other treatments to help achieve the desired results.  Following the treatment, clients will immediately notice their skin is smoother and younger looking. This course teaches the treatment process using the popular diamond-tipped applicator method.

Microdermabrasion is a safe, controlled system of intense exfoliation and resurfacing using ultra-fine crystals that rejuvenate the skin. The crystals work as a gentle abrasive on the skin to remove dead skin cells layer by layer. The irregular shape of the crystals helps to work on hard-to-reach areas without any damage to the skin. The treatment is progressive, meaning clients will continue to see results over the course of treatment.

The degree of epidermal abrasion can be varied by altering the crystal’s speed when impacting the skin. Removing the stratum corneum results in skin that feels instantly smoother and fresher whilst promoting new skin and collagen growth. Over the course of treatment, the skin will be left ‘glowing’ and will feel rejuvenated.


The vacuum action draws away used crystals and dead skin cells and stimulates circulation and promotes increased blood flow to the area. The production of collagen and elastin is stimulated, which results in firmer, more youthful-looking skin.

Microdermabrasion can be used for all skin types on all areas of the body and face. We recommend a course of 8, usually performed every 7 to 10 days. People with acne or acne scarring might need more treatments, and we recommend a monthly maintenance treatment after the course has finished helping maintain the results achieved. After the treatment, the skin may feel tight with mild redness. Therefore, clients must use a good moisturizer. These effects normally subside within 24 hours of treatment.


There is minimal discomfort experienced during a microdermabrasion treatment, and the Client can carry on with their normal day afterward. Crystal microdermabrasion uses a completely inert and sterile compound with zero risk of allergic reaction.

  • Eliminates possible adverse reactions often associated with chemical solutions
  • The client can return to their normal lifestyle immediately after treatment, i.e., no extreme skin reddening.
  • Can safely treat all skin colors and skin types
  • Immediate visible results even after the first treatment help keep the client motivated
  • It helps treat early signs of aging and offers an overall rejuvenation for aged skin.
  • Vacuum action offers improved elasticity and muscle tone of the skin and stimulates fibroblasts for collagen production.
  • Enhances penetration of approved products after treatment
  • Perfect for congested skin with open pores and comedowns and acne-prone skin
  • Variable control allowing for deeper exfoliation of thickened blemished skin and acne scarring
  • Successfully helps remove unwanted pigmentation marks
  • Perfect for sun-damaged skin
  • Total body exfoliation offers a cellulite treatment as the vacuum action helps with lymphatic drainage.


Improper use or unhygienic conditions pose a risk when having microdermabrasion treatment; that is why we advocate the importance of good hygiene in the workplace. The machines use disposable nozzles, eliminating any risk of cross-contamination between clients as the nozzle is the only component that will encounter the skin during treatment.




Crystals are made of Aluminum oxide, a naturally occurring mineral. Sterile and non-toxic with no adverse skin contact reactions, we would, however, recommend a skin allergy test before treatment as a precautionary measure.

Aluminum oxide is considered a low health risk by inhalation, and industry standards treat any inhalation of this nature as nuisance dust. The inhalation of any fine particle dust, for example, artificial nail dust, may cause irritation and coughing if exposed to them over long periods. Aluminum oxide contains no free silica, which means it poses no respiratory risk from inhalation.


It is important to perform a skin patch test to check the client is not sensitive to the crystals employed. It is most unusual for a client to be sensitive to the crystals employed; however, a skin test should be performed before treatment on the back of the forearm. If the area becomes irritable or swollen, do not proceed with treatment. If the client develops red marks on the skin after treatment, it is normally due to the therapist applying too much pressure.


Anyone can benefit from microdermabrasion treatment. It improves the overall appearance of the skin giving skin a healthy glow and youthful appearance.

Microdermabrasion is also extremely effective at treating several skin problems. For example, it can be used on the face and body, making it a good treatment for acne scarring on the back.


Microdermabrasion works by removing the top layers of dead skin cells from the skin’s surface, making it particularly effective in treating acne. Getting rid of the dead skin cells from the skin's surface unclogs the pores reducing the chance of new spots developing.


The vacuum action of the microdermabrasion treatment works to stimulate the production of collagen in the skin. As we age, elastin and collagen production start to slow down. The combination of collagen stimulation and increased skin renewal will improve the condition of the skin’s surface, smoothing out fine lines and wrinkles.


Normally skin renews itself approximately every 28 days. Removing the dead cells from the top layers of skin, microdermabrasion speeds up the rate at which the skin would normally renew itself, revealing new, fresh skin and giving a radiant glow.


Microdermabrasion can’t cure cellulite; however, it will stimulate circulation improving blood flow to the area. To improve the appearance of cellulite, clients should drink plenty of water and exercise regularly.


Microdermabrasion can vastly improve the appearance of pigmentation and stretch marks. The microdermabrasion treatment stimulates the area being targeted to produce more collagen and speed up the skin renewal process, improving skin condition and diminishing the appearance of stretch marks and discoloration of the skin.

Microdermabrasion treatment will not remove the stretch mark. However, regular treatment will show an improvement to the treated area making the marks less obvious. Scar tissue should not be treated until all the inflammation has disappeared from the area (6 months post-surgery, for example).

Regular treatment with microdermabrasion will help improve the appearance of stretch marks by creating a blending effect to the surrounding scar tissue, also reducing any pigmentation problems that often make the stretch mark more noticeable.


The most obvious causes are oral birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy, pregnancy, or interaction with certain medications. Repeated sun exposure or over-exposure also plays a part in inflammation or trauma caused to the skin. Certain chemicals found in perfumes etc. can also result in pigmentation marks occurring. Regular microdermabrasion treatment will show significant benefits to sun-damaged skin and help remove unwanted pigmentation marks.

A course of microdermabrasion treatments can achieve beneficial results in the treatment of pigmentation marks. Clients should be advised that a course of between 10-15 treatments might be needed. It is also imperative that the client is advised to always wear a sunblock cream.

Please note microdermabrasion treatment cannot help clients with vitiligo skin disorder.

Melasma and chloasma (darkening of the skin due to hormone changes) can be helped by microdermabrasion treatment. It will help the trapped pigment move up through the epidermal layers to be shed in its normal organized way. However, many treatments may be needed to improve the affected area.


  • Photodamage
  • Rough texture
  • Air and skin debris aspirated
  • Hyperpigmentation
  • Dull, sallow skin color
  • Enlarged pores
  • Keratosis pilaris
  • Thickened scaling skin (e.g., ichthyosis)
  • Seborrheic keratosis scaling
  • Enhanced penetration of topical products and chemical peels


While almost any Client will receive benefits from microdermabrasion, Clients with mild to moderate photoaging changes such as solar lentigines, dullness, and rough skin texture.

Microdermabrasion is a progressive rather than aggressive treatment. The epidermal layers are removed gently and safely over the course of treatments. In a course, the treatment is performed every 7 to 10 days. This means that the stratum corneum layer removed in the previous treatment has not had the chance to rebuild, and, the client’s tolerance to the treatment increases. Therefore, with each subsequent treatment, the intensity of the treatment can be increased to reach deeper down the epidermis layers to successfully remove acne scarring, lift pigmentation, and smooth fine lines.

Generally, a client will opt for a course of six treatments to be performed every 7-10 days to get maximum effect. After completing a course, the client can then have a monthly maintenance treatment to help them maintain the results achieved.

Clients with more problematic skin may need a longer course of treatment, however
15-20 treatments are a maximum, after which they must go on to a monthly maintenance program of one treatment every 4-6 weeks.

Clients of all Fitzpatrick skin types (I–VI) may be treated with MDA. However, it is advisable to conservatively treat darker skin types (IV-VI) to minimize the risks of pigmentary changes such as post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH).


Treating Clients with conditions such as rosacea, telangiectasia, and Poikiloderma of Cavate with MDA is controversial. Clearly, overly aggressive treatments can accentuate erythema. However, Clients with erythema have impaired barrier function, and mild MDA treatments strengthening the epidermal barrier may ultimately reduce skin sensitivity and erythema. Therefore, some providers perform MDA on Clients with erythematous conditions using conservative settings in areas of high vascularity such as the midface and chin and higher settings around the periphery of the face. Mild treatments are also recommended when treating elderly Clients with thin skin to reduce the risk of abrasions.


Skin resurfacing with MDA ranges from removing the stratum corneum (very superficial resurfacing) to removing the entire epidermis (superficial resurfacing). Greater depth of penetration into the skin offers more significant improvements. While there are few risks with MDA, the greater penetration depth is associated with greater complications.

Two passes typically exfoliate the stratum corneum, and four passes exfoliate the whole epidermis. For example, the Silk Peel MDA device fully exfoliates the stratum corneum after two passes at a vacuum setting of 5 psi (260 mm Hg) using a 60-grit treatment head.

Several factors increase the depth of penetration with MDA devices, including:

  • Higher vacuum pressures
  • Greater number of passes, where a pass is defined as contiguous coverage of treatment area
  • Treatment head abrasiveness
  • Greater downward pressure on the skin (for devices with non-recessed tips)


The first MDA devices used aerosolized crystal particles (e.g., aluminum oxide) as the abrasive element, blown across the skin and aspirated. While these devices are still in use, particle-free MDA devices have become widely adopted. They pose no risks of dust inhalation or corneal abrasion, which are associated with aerosolized crystal particles.


Particle-free MDA devices utilize diamond- or crystal-covered pads or bristles in their treatment heads. Figure 2 shows an MDA handpiece (Silk Peel) and treatment heads with diamond-covered pads that range in coarseness from smooth (no diamond chips), fine (120 grit), to coarse (30 grit). Treatment heads for most devices are reusable and can be sterilized after the procedure.

Microdermabrasion handpiece and diamond-tipped treatment heads.


Some MDA devices simultaneously exfoliate and apply topical products to the skin (specifically referred to as “Dermal infusion” by Envy Medical). These systems take advantage of the disruption to the epidermal barrier that occurs with removing the stratum corneum to enhance the delivery of topical products to the skin. If using an MDA device that does not dispense solutions, topical corrective products may be applied after completing the MDA treatment. Products are selected based on the presenting signs and may enhance results for dehydration, hyperpigmentation, and acne.


Superficial chemical peels provide a similar depth of skin resurfacing as microdermabrasion. Dermaplaning is another superficial resurfacing procedure with a similar depth of resurfacing, which uses a specialized scalpel blade that is gently scraped across the skin. It is useful for Clients with erythematous conditions such as rosacea.

More aggressive skin resurfacing procedures such as medium-depth chemical peels, dermabrasion, and laser resurfacing offer significantly greater reduction of wrinkles and improvements in photodamaged skin but require longer recovery times and have increased risks of complications.


  • Controlled depth of exfoliation
  • Safe for all Fitzpatrick skin types (I–VI)
  • Minimal to no discomfort during the procedure
  • No anesthesia required
  • Minimal risk of complications
  • No recovery time post-procedure (e.g., for skin flaking and peeling as with chemical peels)
  • It May be combined with other aesthetic treatments, particularly topical products, and chemical peels, for enhanced results.
  • Procedural proficiency rapidly acquired


  • MDA devices are relatively costly (compared to chemical peels)
  • Additional costs for disposable supplies such as topical solutions
  • Results are subtle and cumulative, requiring a series of treatments for noticeable improvements

Refers to any procedure undertaken in the salon to remove contamination and reduce the risk of infection.  Specific methods are required to ensure effective sanitization of tools, equipment, and implements have taken place. As a lash technician, you have a duty of care, and you must provide a clean and sanitized environment and equipment for your client.

Sterilization is the destruction of all microorganisms. It is tough to maintain sterile conditions as once the items have been exposed to the air, they are no longer classed as pure. Articles that have been cleaned, sterilized, and stored hygienically are safe to use on clients.


Disinfectant inhibits the growth of disease-causing organisms (except spores) using chemical agents. Disinfectants only reduce the number of organisms; however, this is usually sufficient for maintaining hygienic conditions. Most are used for wiping down work surfaces and equipment. Disinfectants should only be used under the manufacturer's instructions and following the proper guidelines. Could you not use it directly on the skin?

Antiseptic is a diluted disinfectant designed for safe use on the skin. It prevents the multiplication of microorganisms by making the conditions unfavorable for growth.

UV Light Radiation is a method of sterilization that can be used but has limitations. The sterilized object must be turned regularly as only the surface exposed to the light rays will be effectively treated. If there is debris or product residue on the instruments, this will be a barrier to the light penetration, so effective sterilization will be slowed down. The UV light must be contained within a closed cabinet as the light is dangerous, especially to the eyes. Records of usage should be kept as the ultraviolet light source will decrease in its effectiveness over time, and new bulbs will need to be installed (follow manufacturer's guidelines.

Glass Bead Sterilizer can be used for sterilizing small metal tools such as scissors and tweezers. The heat from the beads transfers to the objects, effectively killing off microorganisms. All devices must be cleansed before placing in the unit to remove dirt and debris. It is essential to follow the correct timing guidelines from the manufacturer's instructions to ensure efficient sterilization.

An autoclave is the most effective method for killing bacteria and their spores. However, it has its limitations as the temperature needed for this level of effectiveness is 121 -134 °C. It works like a pressure cooker using high-pressure steam to cleanse the objects. Due to the higher levels of heat, it is only suitable for things, and these should be washed before being placed in the autoclave. Always ensure you have been trained in its use and follow the manufacturer's instructions when using equipment of this nature.


Disposal of waste should be in a sealed bin lined with a durable polyethylene bin liner. The container should be cleaned regularly with disinfectant (this should only be done in a well-ventilated area) following manufacturers' guidelines to ensure no risk from potential hazards.


Hazardous waste must be disposed of following the correct legislative procedures, and the member of staff responsible for the disposal must be fully trained. Clinical contaminated waste, usually by blood and tissue fluid, should be disposed of as the environment agency recommends.


Any sharp implements that have been used to penetrate or pierce the skin should be placed in a sharps box. The local environmental health department will be able to advise you on disposal arrangements. All disposable waste matter following permanent makeup application is contaminated as it will contain blood and tissue fluid. There is a risk of transferring bloodborne infections such as Hepatitis B and C and HIV.


All staff should be trained in the risks of handling this waste. The waste should be placed in an orange sack that indicates its risk level and should be kept separate from all other general waste.




To maintain acceptable levels of hygiene:


  • Maintain high standards of personal hygiene
  • Wash hands before and after every treatment using a detergent containing chlorhexidine which is recognized medically as an effective ingredient for skin sanitation
  • Follow all health and safety policies identified during your workplace induction and regular workplace reviews.
  • Check all equipment is in good repair and fit for purpose, identify any concerns by labeling and isolating equipment and report to manager for follow-up action.
  • Regularly clean all working surfaces with an appropriate cleaning solution following manufacturers' guidelines.
  • Cover any cuts on yourself or your client with a suitable waterproof dressing
  • Ensure all tools have been effectively sterilized or disinfected according to their manufacturer's instructions, for example, using Triene solution and an autoclave to disinfect calipers, tweezers, metal sharpeners
  • Prevent the risk of cross-infection by checking for contraindications during the consultation
  • Use where possible disposable products and dispose of correctly the following use.
  • All gowns and towels should be washed at a minimum of 60 °C, and clean towels and gowns provided for each client. The dirty laundry should then be placed in a covered laundry bin.
  • Waste should be placed in correct bags or sharps containers depending on their nature and disposed of by local government legislation.



The reporting of all accidents and near misses should be recorded in the Accident Book, which should be kept with a first aid kit on the work premises.

The following information should be recorded:

  • Full name and address of the person(s) involved in the accident.
  • Circumstances of the accident.
  • Date and time of the accident.
  • All details of what may have contributed to the accident



  • Clean the salon thoroughly, daily.
  • Clean the treatment area before and after every client.
  • Use clean, fresh-smelling towels for each client (dirty linen must be laundered at a minimum of 60◦C).
  • Creams, lotion, and sprays should be dispensed from purpose-specific pump or spray bottles where possible, otherwise use a clean disposable spatula to remove products from bottles/jars.
  • Replace all lids after removing products from the bottles/jars.
  • Sterilize all tools, including stones, bins, and machines.
  • Empty bins and dispose of contents accordingly.
  • Check all the plugs and wires on electrical equipment and ensure they conform to legal standards and are professionally checked annually.
  • Make sure all fire exits are clear and accessible.
  • Make sure your client's personal belongings are safe.
  • Protect client's clothing by using towels. The towels may also be used to preserve the client's modesty during the treatment.
  • Read all labels and follow all manufacturers' instructions.
  • Know the hazardous warning signs.
  • Store products safely and by safety data sheets.
  • Report any faulty equipment/goods to your supervisor or supplier.
  • Have a first aid kit



  • Clean, ironed, freshly laundered uniform
  • Clean, flat, sensible shoes
  • Clean, short, manicured nails
  • Fresh breath
  • Use of antiperspirant
  • Neat makeup.



A new pair of disposable gloves should be put on immediately before each client if required, and a disposable apron is advisable to protect clothing. Both should be disposed of directly after the treatment.

Hands must be washed before you put on the gloves and immediately after removing and disposing of the gloves.

How to hygienically remove disposable gloves after use:

Step 1 Hold your right hand out with the palm facing up.

Step 2 Pinch a portion of the glove that covers the inside of your wrist on your right hand. Use the thumb and index finger of your left hand.

Step 3 Gently pull the glove down about halfway over your palm, revealing the inside of the glove. Do not altogether remove the glove. Let go of the glove after you pull it down over the palm.

Step 4 Use your right thumb and index finger to repeat these steps on your left hand. This time, you will pinch the outside of the glove above the inner portion of your left wrist and altogether remove the glove on the left hand. Continue holding the left glove with your right thumb and index finger.

Step 5 Pull up a portion of the right glove with your bare left thumb and index finger. Touch only the inside part of the glove that has already been revealed.

Step 6 Remove the right glove by pulling down with your left thumb and index finger.

As you pull down, the left glove that has already been removed should fold up inside the right-hand glove.

Step 7 Dispose of the rubber gloves in a proper container. Gloves in contact with certain substances, e.g., chemicals and bodily fluids, cannot be thrown away in public trash receptacles.



Single-use items are items that can potentially be contaminated with blood or other bodily fluids. They are items that cannot readily be cleaned or disinfected—for example, waxing spatulas, orange sticks, cotton wool, disposable underwear, and paper towels. Single-use items must be disposed of 0f after each use.


Hepatitis means liver inflammation. Around half of all acute cases of hepatitis are due to a viral infection. Several kinds of hepatitis viruses can infect the liver, the most common being Hepatitis A and B.

Hepatitis A is caught through the contamination of food and water with feces (stools) through poor personal hygiene or sanitation.

Hepatitis B is spread through the exchange of blood and body fluids and can be caught through unprotected sex, unsterilized needles, a needle stick injury (accidental puncture of the skin by a used hand), or contaminated blood products.

Hepatitis C is also spread through the exchange of blood or blood products. It is spread through sharing needles and needle stick accidents. It can also spread by blood transfusions given before September 1992, when screening for Hepatitis C was introduced.



-        Hepatitis A and E cause only acute infection; Hepatitis B and C cause chronic (ongoing) illness; Hepatitis D is only present in people infected with Hepatitis B.

-        Hepatitis can be caused by the glandular fever virus.

Vaccinations are available for Hepatitis A and B (singly or combined) and as a combination of Hepatitis A and Typhoid.

-        There is a small risk of contracting the Hepatitis B virus from sharing toothbrushes, razors, or towels that may be contaminated with blood. Unsafe tattooing and body piercing practices also risk potentially spreading the virus.

-        It is recommended that all therapists have a vaccination against Hepatitis B.



Considering the current global COVID-19 pandemic, the CDC or Center for Disease Control and Prevention have passed guidelines to assist estheticians in their daily sanitizing protocols. Below are the essential tips to keep in mind. Then we will dive into safety methods to practice before, during, and after your client's appointment.



Because you are working so closely with your client and they will not have anything over their mouth, the best way to keep yourself safe is it wears an N95 mask. However, whether you can acquire one may depend on your state or region. If N95 is not obtainable, it is recommended that you always wear a 3-ply face mask.

If your clients do not have any work done on or around their mouths or are only having a consultation, have them wear a face mask. This will reduce the chance of contamination.

If you or your clients show any symptoms, stay home to reduce the chance of passing it on.

Be sure to sanitize everything from handles to chairs to pens and anything in between. Share your disinfection protocol with clients, and if you have one, your cancellation or rescheduling rules.

Maintain multiple sets of your tools (pens, needles) and supplies to allow for a quicker and more sanitary treatment turnaround time.

Maintain 6 feet distance when possible and do not touch your face even with gloves on. Always wash your hands with germicide-based soap and keep everything sanitized. If you can purchase an autoclave, it is a wise investment. This machine disinfects metal implements and tools. If you cannot acquire one, be sure to have a disinfecting solution to clean or wipe your tools and implements with.

Provide yourself additional time to clean between procedures to ensure your treatment space is disinfected. Support staff to help clean and keep the areas sanitized would prove to be beneficial. Another great way to keep your environment sterile and infection-free are to use a germicidal lamp.

Some states do not allow for a waiting room, so if you are in one of these states, be sure to schedule your clients accordingly to reduce their wait time. Also, you can suggest that clients wait in their car, and then you can call them when you are ready for them. If you are in a state that allows for a waiting room area, be sure the clients are six feet apart and wearing face masks. Have hand sanitizer available for them.

Read up on your state's rules and regulations regarding COVID-19 to make sure you comply.



Before your client comes, make sure the room and all your tools are sanitized and clean. Have your hands washed using an alcohol-based soap, a nail brush, and have your mask on ready to greet them. Make sure your working station is sanitized and prepared for them. It is recommended that you have multiple tools on hand. Please do not touch your client but greet them the best you can. Have them wear a mask or provide them with one if possible. For your tools and products, be sure to have a sterilized tray to hold them and keep your items organized.



After your work is complete, be sure to throw any linen or towels used in the appropriate bins. Disinfect every tool, device, item, chair, and handle you or your client met. Place your tools or machinery in the proper sanitizing solution or in the autoclave to avoid any possible contamination.

Be sure you wash your hands after the procedure once you have disposed of your gloves. Another level of protection is to use contactless payment methods. The fewer surfaces touched, the better. If this is not possible, wipe down your payment processing devices after each use.



Now more than ever, we need to educate ourselves on how pathogens spread and what we can do to protect ourselves. This module will cover best practices for preventing the spread of infection, but we encourage you to take an infection control course to be fully aware of how best to protect yourself and your clients.



Direct and Indirect Contact: We can contact germs by touching a surface contaminated by someone coughing or sneezing on it or by infectious particles being transferred to the object in another manner. This is transmission via indirect contact. Direct contact involves directly touching another person.


Droplet Transmission: Droplets from sneezing, coughing, or talking can briefly travel in the air and infect another person through the mouth, nose, or eyes. Wearing a face mask dramatically helps reduce the chance of droplet-borne transmission,

Airborne Transmission: When infectious particles are small enough to float in the air for an extended period, they can cause airborne transmission of disease.

Reduce the Spread of Infection: It's helpful to know the chain of infection so that we can learn ways to disrupt this chain and reduce the chance of spreading sickness. The chain of infection is a sequence of events that must occur to cause an illness.


  • Infectious Agent: This is a microscopic pathogen that can cause an infection.
    • Reservoir: Reservoirs are places in the environment where the infectious agent lives, such as on or within an animal or human host.
    • Portal of Exit: This is the specific way the infectious agent leaves the reservoir. For example, many viruses exit a host by the respiratory tract. Bloodborne pathogens exist in the blood, so their portal of exit could be a cut or scratch.
    • Mode of Transmission: There are many ways infections can be spread. The most common ways an infectious agent can be transmitted to another host are by droplets (coughing, sneezing, talking), direct and indirect contact, and airborne particles.
    • Portal of Entry: A portal of entry is the way the infectious agent enters its new host. This could be through the nose, mouth, or other tissues.
    • Susceptible Host: The easy host is the person the pathogen enters and infects.


Breaking the Chain of Infection 

  • Eliminating or Inactivating the Infectious Agent
  • Example- pest control, antibiotics, antiviral medication, sterilizing surfaces, washing hands
  • Preventing Contact
  • Example- isolating or quarantining infected individual
  • Preventing Infectious Agent Escape
  • Example- covering the mouth when coughing or sneezing, wearing a face mask
  • Blocking the Ports of Entry
  • Example- wearing gloves, using a mosquito net while sleeping, wearing a face mask, wearing a face shield.
  • Resisting the Host
  • Example- natural immune response, vaccines



The best way to stop infections from spreading is by interrupting the chain of infection. The two main categories for breaking the chain of infection are standard precautions and transmission-based precautions.


Hand Washing

Hand washing is a simple yet effective way to reduce infections. Many pathogens, including coronaviruses, have a fatty outer cell membrane. Soap can break down and dissolve fat. When you wash your hands, the soap disrupts the molecular bond of these infectious substances. If you lather up long enough, you can completely kill many types of bacteria, viruses, and other infectious agents. Wash your hands for 20 seconds to help prevent spreading infection to yourself or someone else.



One of the most efficient ways to prevent the transmission of infections is to keep your work environment clean and sanitized.


The CDC recommends the following guidelines:

  • Procedures and policies should be in place for routine care, cleaning, and disinfection of environmental surfaces, especially frequently touched surfaces (procedure equipment, doorknobs, etc.)
  • All waste, such as used disposable syringes and needles, scalpel blades, microblade, ampoules, gloves, etc., should be considered potentially infectious and should be classified, handled, and disposed of properly.



Another way you can control the spread of infection is to use personal protective equipment or PPE. Personal protective equipment is an inexpensive yet effective way to impact two different sequences within the chain of infection. They can prevent transmission through a portal of exit or infection by blocking portals of entry.



  • Masks, Goggles, Face Shields: used during procedures likely to generate splashes or sprays of blood, body fluids, and secretions.
  • Gloves: used whenever there is a potential for contact with blood, body fluids, mucous membranes, broken skin, or contaminated equipment




























With procedures, you may find yourself constantly needing to re-glove. Sometimes you will find yourself needing to grab something from a drawer, but you are already wearing your gloves. If you do pick up something, the gloves are no longer sterile. Before you touch anything, you will need to take your gloves off not to contaminate the handle and anything else you feel in the process. It would help to stay conscious of what you're about to touch when doing procedures. The only items you should be feeling while wearing your gloves are what you have set up on your tray before the process.


To avoid having to put on a new pair of gloves because you forgot an item, have your work area adequately set up. Below are the things you will need to equip your treatment space at your facility.




Sharp items such as needles, microblade, and ampoules that have been used should be considered contaminated. Place the used probe or hand in a designated waste receptacle for contaminated items. This waste receptacle should have a lid. The location of your waste bin for contaminated materials should not be near an available client waiting room or another type of common area but in a secure place with a limited chance for accidental contact. Seal the bag and dispose of it properly at the end of the day.




Spa facial treatments are often seen as a luxury reserved for special occasions; however, many people fail to realize that facials can be an impactful part of a regular skincare routine. But it can be easy to get lost in the jargon of a spa treatment menu and feel a little dazed when it comes to figuring out what exactly it is that you need or want. The truth is, there are so many types of facials because they all address varying skin concerns using an array of methods to do so. Thankfully, our skilled estheticians are well versed in all types of facials, and we love sharing our knowledge.


A classic or standard facial usually involves cleansing, exfoliating, extractions, a mask, and a moisturizer. Given its calming nature, this facial can be a great choice for anyone with normal-dry skin. Extractions, the process of cleaning out clogged pores, are safe for most skin types, but you will need to ensure the esthetician first uses steam to soften the pores and covers her fingers with gauze. However, anyone with rosacea or eczema should skip the steaming, which can exacerbate those conditions, and use a warm cloth instead. Extractions can pinch and cause slight discomfort, but you can stop if the process is too intense. Our oxygen facial is a great example of a classic plumping and hydrating facial.


Sometimes combined with other treatments, a lymphatic massage facial incorporates gentle kneading of targeted areas of your face. This helps relieve tension and reduce water retention, therefore minimizing puffiness by stimulating the lymphatic glands found in your face. Your lymphatic system is an important part of your immune system, which aids in the removal of extra fluid and waste from your body. In addition, this facial can boost circulation, leaving you with a bright, glowing complexion.


Just as it sounds, an electric current facial uses a microcurrent device and wet sponges to deliver low levels of electricity to the face and neck. The current naturally helps contour your face by stimulating and tightening the underlying muscles, making it a less-invasive substitute for other injectables. The result is an anti-aging effect that helps smooth wrinkles and leaves you with a more lifted appearance. These tightening facials reduce the appearance of damage.



Galvanic Facial includes the use of galvanic currents to stimulate the face. It’s considered a non-surgical facelift. The procedure is all about stimulating the muscles. This treatment tones the facial muscles and repositions them to give you a more lifted face. It reshapes the face, giving you a more defined look.

The galvanic facial is the ultimate exercise for your face. Out of all the different facials, this is one of the best anti-aging facials for wrinkles and aging skin to contour the face. It’s suitable for all skin types to eliminate the signs of aging.

The facial also includes infusing several skincare products to the face. The currency makes it easier for your skin to absorb these products more efficiently. The Galvanic facial is perfect for minimizing wrinkles, toning up the face, promoting collagen growth, and firming the skin. The results are visible almost instantly. But you need several treatments to maintain the results.


High frequency, sometimes referred to as radiofrequency, is a type of facial treatment where electrical currents produce a certain amount of heat to stimulate deeper layers of the skin. This anti-inflammatory heat kills bacteria. So, it’s perfect for acne-prone skin to treat existing acne and prevent the formation of new ones. The benefits also include getting rid of acne scars.


Microdermabrasion is a minimally invasive type of facial treatment. Basically, there’s a device with a crystal or diamond tip. This device brushes off the upper layer of your skin while vacuuming anything that comes off. It works like sandpaper over the face. This treatment removes dead skin cells accumulated over the face. It promotes cell turnover and collagen and elastin growth. The resurfaced skin looks healthier with less visible lines, pores, and scars. It’s perfect for anyone at any age who wants to get rid of fine lines, scars, and dullness.

Microdermabrasion can give clean, softer, plump, and glowing skin. It would be best if you avoid sun exposure after the treatment. You can expect a certain amount of redness after the treatment. So, I wouldn’t book an appointment the day before my wedding.


Acupuncture facial is a treatment where they place tiny needles on several parts of the face. These controlled micro-injuries stimulate collagen growth. The benefits of acupuncture facial are firming up loose skin, minimizing wrinkles, and getting rid of scars through cell regeneration.


A hydrating facial is like watering a plant. It’s specifically designed to hydrate dry skin. It starts with a classic facial, but the products are specifically chosen. These are potent humectants to hydrate and moisturize your skin deeply. A hydrating facial gives you plump, bouncy, and supple skin instantly.


If you’re suffering from blackheads, whiteheads, and dullness without a major acne problem, HydraFacial may be just for you. The HydraFacial machine deeply cleanses the outer layer of your skin in a vacuum-like manner. It sucks any dirt and grime on the face. It’s the ultimate decongesting facial. After cleansing, the same device infuses several serums into the skin, giving you clean, hydrated, bright, and radiant skin. HydraFacial is suitable for dry, normal, combination, and oily skin. This fun facial is sometimes the first step for other facials.


Chemical peels are invasive facial treatments where they use chemical acids to promote skin turnover. There are 3 different types of chemical peels. Also, there are several types of acids in different concentrations to address various skin issues. Chemical peels are one of the most effective skin resurfacing treatments. The benefits include decongesting the skin, getting rid of deep-set wrinkles, scars, age spots, and photodamage. It’s the ultimate anti-aging skin rejuvenation where your skin slowly peels off and resurfaces a much healthier layer. Chemical peels boost collagen growth through skin turnover.

The pain and the cost depend on the peel you get, which your dermatologist can decide. Some types of chemical peels require a physician in a medical facility. But a light peel, also known as lunchtime peel, can be done in facial spas. The lightest chemical peel may take 2 days to heal, whereas a deep peel may take 6 months. Learn more about different types of chemical peels.


An oxygen facial includes the use of a device that sprays out oxygen in a highly pressured form. After exfoliation and cleansing, your aesthetician applies several vitamin-rich serums to your skin. That’s where the device comes in. It feeds and nourishes the skin by infusing these antioxidants into it. Oxygen facial is suitable for all skin types. It’s perfect for hydrating and brightening the skin. People with dull and tired-looking skin can find this facial highly beneficial.


A micro-needling facial is inflicting controlled wounds into the skin through tiny needles. This is an invasive treatment that requires numbing cream to avoid pain. Microneedling promotes cell turnover and collagen growth by creating tiny muscle tears. These microscopic injuries cause your skin to switch to an urgent healing mode. And this results in healthier skin. It’s a viral anti-aging facial treatment to tighten the skin and get rid of lines. And there are some at-home kits as well, but they can have potential risks, especially the cheap ones by unreliable brands.


Dermaplaning is a type of advanced exfoliation where you use a surgical scalpel blade to scrape gently off the outermost layer of the skin. This way, it removes dead skin cells over the face as well as peach fuzz. After dermaplaning, your skin is infused with several antioxidants. You get clean, smooth, and fresh skin. Dermaplaning is suitable for all skin types. But people with active acne should stay away until the breakouts dry out because the resurfacing treatment will irritate the acne and cause further inflammation. Benefits of dermaplaning include smoother and glowing skin and better absorption of your skincare products.


The highlight of this facial is the facial masks they use in the treatment—the facial starts with a basic steaming, cleansing, and exfoliation. And then, a type of mask stays on the face for about 30 minutes. The name of the facial comes from the fruit enzymes used in the mask. An enzyme facial is ideal for hyperpigmentation, fine lines, mild scarring, and sun damage. There’s no visible skin peeling in an enzyme facial. However, you do get healthier, gently exfoliated, and brighter skin.


Also known as the vampire facial, PRP refers to platelet-rich plasma facial. In this facial, your doctor draws your blood and puts it through a special machine to create platelet-rich plasma.

This highly concentrated form of proteins is infused into your skin through micro-needling. The growth factor in the plasma helps with collagen growth. The vampire facial is perfect for tightening the skin and reducing the signs of aging.



This facial is as relaxing as it gets. Aromatherapy facial starts with steaming and cleansing. And then, a combination of essential oils is used to massage the face and the neck area. It’s all about relieving tension through therapeutic oils. All skin types can benefit from aromatherapy facial to nourish the skin with antioxidants. After the massage, vitamin-rich products are applied to the skin. You can leave the spa relaxed, replenished, energized, and freshened.


Like a standard facial, an anti-aging facial utilizes active ingredients and procedures to attack the signs of aging, which are present on mature skin – think ages 30 and up. Typically, these facials consist of cleansing, exfoliation, skin resurfacing (often as microdermabrasion treatments), masks, deep pore cleansing with extractions, and hydration elements. They may also incorporate antioxidant-heavy serums and ingredients like collagen to help revitalize the skin. But be sure to give your skin time to heal after this one, as it can lead to flaking and peeling depending on the strength of the various elements.


If your client has ashy, sun-damaged, or dull skin, a brightening facial can help. Specifically targeting hyperpigmentation and evens out complexion using powerful antioxidants such as Vitamin C. The process typically involves a combination of masks, enzyme peels, and acid treatments to remove the build-up of dead skin cells. The result is radiant and glowing skin.


Also known as Color Light Therapy, a LED (light-emitting diode) facial harnesses specific wavelengths of light to address breakouts and inflammation, making it the perfect facial for acne. In addition, the pain-free technique has been shown to help stimulate cell growth, improve overall complexion, reduce redness, minimize the appearance of sunspots or fine lines, and smooth wrinkles. They are noninvasive, have no harmful side effects, and have no downtime.


Finally, we have laser facials which sound a lot more sci-fi than they really are. By using a laser to remove the top layer of skin, this facial can gently resurface the face and correct minor flaws – hence why it is sometimes referred to as laser resurfacing. A laser facial can be used to minimize the appearance of wrinkles, age spots, uneven skin tone, sun damage, and scars.

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